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Dharmendra Deol Biography
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Dharam Singh Deol (Born 8 December 1935), better known as Dharmendra, is Hindi film actor who has appeared in 287 films as of 2013. Dharmendra is regarded as one of the influential actors of Indian cinema. He was 3rd highest paid Hindi actor from 1970–75 and 1980-1986 and was 2th highest paid Hindi actor from 1987-1993 along-with Vinod Khanna and from 1976-1979 was alone the 2nd highest paid Hindi actor, In 1997, he received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to Hindi cinema. He is often referred to as the "He-Man" since 1987 as well as the "Action King" of Hindi cinema from 1972–74, having starred in numerous action films from 1971-1997. He was considered the most handsome actor in Bollywood in 1968. He was one of the lead actors of the all-time blockbuster Sholay (1975), and went on to star in numerous successful Bollywood films across five decades. Dharmendra had a total of 180 flops from 1960-2013 and had 107 hits from 1960-2013.
He was also a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India,representing Bikaner constituency in Rajasthan from Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). In 2012, he was honoured India's third highest civilan honour Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.
Early life[edit]
He was born in a Punjabi Sikh Jat family in Punjab state to Kewal Kishan Singh Deol and Satwant Kaur. He spent his early life in village Sahnewal and study at Government Senior Secondary School at lalton kalan. His father was a school headmaster in the village of Lalton Kalan Ludhiana, the family later moved to Mumbai .
Film career
Dharmendra won the Filmfare new talent award and came to Mumbai from Punjab looking for work. He made his debut with Arjun Hingorani's Dil Bhi Tera Hum Bhi Tere (1960). After which he got supporting roles in the film Boy Friend (1961) and was cast as the romantic interest in several woman oriented films from 1960-1967, where the story revolved around the heroine's character and, he was usually cast as a romantic hero opposite senior established leading actress of the time and later, from 1974 onwards, as an action hero. He worked in heroine oriented films like - with Nutan in Soorat Aur Seerat (1962), Bandini (1963),Dulhan Ek Raat Ki, Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya (1966) and then with Mala Sinha in Anpadh (1962), Pooja Ke Phool (1964), Neelaakash(1965), Baharen Phir Bhi Aayengi, with Nanda in Akashdeep, with Saira Banu in Shaadi and Ayee Milan Ki Bela (1964) and with Meena Kumari in Main Bhi Ladki Hoon (1964), Kaajal (1965), Poornima (1965), Phool Aur Paththar (1966), Chandan Ka Palna, Baharaon Ki Manzil . His major breakthrough was playing supporting role to hero Rajendra Kumar in Aaye Milan Ki Bela, where his character was negative and supporting role in patriotic film Haqeeqat (1964) and playing romantic interest in woman oriented films from 1960-1967 and playing supporting roles to Balraj Sahni, Ashok Kumar, Biswajit in some films from 1960-67 like Soorat Aur Seerat, Bandini, Mamta, Ghar Ka Chirag. He got solo hero stardom with the blockbuster, Phool Aur Patthar (1966), which was his first action film but he became established action hero from 1971 film Mera Gaon Mera Desh.
Phool Aur Paththar became the highest grossing film of 1966 and Dharmendra received his first Filmfare nomination for Best Actor. His performance in Anupama was critically acclaimed. His films opposite Nutan, Meena Kumari, Nanda, Sadhana, Rajshree, Waheeda Rehman between 1962-1968 were not commercially successful. He established himself as a successful solo romantic hero with hits only in the years 1968-69 like Izzat, Mere Hamdam Mere Dost, Ankhen, Pyar Hi Pyar, Aya Sawan Jhoom Ke and multi-star Shikar, Aadmi Aur Insaan. His on-screen chemistry with actresses including Meena Kumari, Mala Sinha, Saira Banu, Sharmila Tagore, Asha Parekh, Parveen Babi, Hema Malini, Reena Roy, Jaya Prada and Anita Raj were appreciated by critics and audiences. He was a romantic hero till Rajesh Khanna entered the scene as a superstar in end of year 1969. Dharmendra’s career shifted from being a romantic hero to action hero with Mera Gaon Mera Desh directed by Raj Khosla. He acquired image of action hero between 1972-73 with success of films like Pramod Chakravorty's Jugnu, Vijay Anand’s Blackmail, Ramanand Sagar’s Lalkar, Ravee Nagaich's Keemat, Nasir Husain’s Yadoan Ki Baraat and Harmesh Malhotra’s Patthar Aur Payal. He having acted in woman oriented films as a supporting actor from 1960–68 and having achieved success in romantic films from 1968–71 and also in action films from 1971-1974, began to be called a versatile actor by 1975. His comic timing in comedy films like Tum Haseen Main Jawan, Do Chor, Chupke Chupke, Dillagi, Naukar Biwi Ka were appreciated.
His most successful pairing was with Hema Malini, who went on to become his future wife.[9] The couple delivered phenomenal hits such as Raja Jani, Seeta Aur Geeta, Sharafat, Naya Zamana, Patthar Aur Payal, Tum Haseen Main Jawaan, Jugnu, Dost, Charas, Maa, Chacha Bhatija, Azaad, Sholay, Dillagi (1978) till late 1979 and after their marriage in 1980, among the films they did only Bhagavat, Rajput, Raaj Tilak managed to be hits. Other films of Hema-Dharam like Dil Kaa Heera, Kinara, Phandebaaz, Aas Paas, Do Dishayen, The Burning Train, Krodhi, Samraat, Meharbaani, Razia Sultan, Jaan Hatheli Pe, Tell Me O Khuda were disasters. Though they have appeared together in 32 films from 1970-2013, of them Dharam Hema were romantic lead pair in 29 films of which 20 became hits.
Dharmendra's most notable acting performance were in Anupama, Satyakam, Chupke Chupke with Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Jeevan Mrityu with Satyen Bose, Do Chor with Padmanabh, Loafer with A.Bhimshingh, Samadhi with Prakash Mehra, Sholay, where he appeared as the inimitable Veeru, Dillagi directed by Basu Chatterjee, Atma Ram’s Shikar and Resham Ki Dori, Umesh Mehra’s Alibaba Aur 40 Chor, Raghunath Jhalani ‘s Aaye Din Bahar Ke and Aya Sawan Jhoom Ke , Anil Sharma’s Hukumat , all his 4 films with Pramod Chakravarthy and his 7 films with Arjun Hingorani. Sholay became the biggest hit in the history of Hindi cinema and is listed by Indiatimes as one of the "Top 25 must see Bollywood films of all time". In 2005, the judges of the 50th annual Filmfare Awards awarded Sholay the special distinction of Filmfare Best Film of 50 Years. But after success of Pratigya and Sholay in 1975, his demand increased for action oriented multi-star films and his solo-hero and multi-star films belonging to other genres released between 1975-78 were not successful like Apne Dushman, Kinara, Saazish, Ek Mahal Ho Sapno Ka, Chaitali, Do Chehere, Do Sholay, Shalimar. Then Dharmendra went on to star in successful action oriented Bollywood films from 1976-84 including, Dharam Veer, Charas, Azaad, Katilon Ke Kaatil, Ghazab, Rajput, Bhagawat, Jaani Dost, Dharm Aur Qanoon, Main Intequam Loonga, Jeene Nahi Doonga, Hukumat, Raaj Tilak.
Jhuta Sachch, a box-office flop, in 1984 was his 73rd solo hero film and offers for Dhamendra in solo hero films declined from 1984 as a result till 2013 he did only 86 solo hero films. Till 1975 Dharmendra was doing more solo-hero films and Sholay was only his 23rd multi-hero film but due to failure of his solo hero films between 1975-81 and observing that his success as action hero in multi-star cast films between 1977-1979 , he accepted more multi-star cast films from 1980. From 1976-1991 only Rajesh Khanna used to get more solo-hero projects as producers preferred to not to give solo hero projects to other stars. Solo hero films of actors like Dharmendra, Jeetendra, Amitabh, Shashi Kapoor and others kept failing regularly from 1976-1983 and thus these actors were signed more for multi-star films. Till end of 1983, Dharmendra had done only 42 multi-star cast films and 72 solo hero films . From 1984 he accepted too many multi-star films of action genre such that by 2013, his multi-star cast film tally stands at 159 and solo hero films only at 86. His career’s another turning point was the year 1987, when he had 11 releases of which 7 were hits. He however could not break record set by Rajesh Khanna in 1985 - where Khanna also had 11 releases in a single year but managed to have 8 hits, He acquired the tag of He-Man in 1987 at the age was 52 – when of the 11 releases as the leading man in that year , 7 action films became successful namely multi-star films Watan Ke Rakhwale, Insaniyat Ke Dushman, Loha, Dadagiri, Aag Hi Aag, Mard Ki Zabaan and the solo hero film Hukumat . Hukumat, his 75th solo hero film, was highest grosser, at the box office in 1987. In the year 1988,he had 8 releases but 5 flopped and in 1989 all his 6 films flopped. From 1990-2013, he acted in 67 multi star-cast films and of them only 15 were hits. From 1990-2013 he did only 9 solo hero films of which only one film was a hit. He was successful A grade hero till 1993 and after 1994, most of his films were called as B grade action movies as they had lower production values and were mostly directed by Kanti Shah, Surinder Kapoor and Dilip Gulati and star-cast often included actors like Mohan Joshi, Raza Murad, Shakti Kapoor,Jay Mehta, Sadashiv Amrapurkar and Kiran Kumar. Though earlier by 1975 he had established himself as a versatile actor who could act in every genre of cinema, due to consistently acting in action genre from 1976-1997 and coupled with many flops from 1988-2003, his image changed from a versatile star to action hero.
His only successful solo-hero films from 1989-2002 as lead hero include Elaan-E-Jung (1989), Kundan (1993) and successful multi-star films from 1990-2002 as lead hero include Veeru Dada Naaka Bandi, Hum Se Na Takrana, Sher Dil(all in 1990), Farishtay (1991), Zulm Ki Hukumat , Virodhi , Khule-Aam , Tahalka (all 4 in 1992), Kshatriya (1993), Maidan-E-Jung (1995). His other successful films ha dhim in guest appearances in Vardi (1989),Ilaaka (1989), Trinetra (1991) and Munnibai (1999). He stopped taking up lead roles in B grade movies from 2003. As a supporting actor he achieved success with Pyar Kiya Toh Darna Kya, and made a come-back to A grade Hindi films with successful films like Life in a Metro (2007), Apne (2007) and Johnny Gaddaar (2007). His film Yamla Pagla Deewana (2011) was box-office hit in 2011.
He has worked with various directors, each having different styles in their film-making: Bimal Roy , Mohan Kumar, Dulal Guha, Ramanand Sagar in drama films, Raghunath Jhalani, Bhappi Sonie, Brij, Mohan Segal in romance films, Raj Khosla, Ramesh Sippy, Arjun Hingorani, Anil Sharma, K.C.Bokadia, J.P. Dutta, T. Rama Rao, Rama Rao Tatineni,Raj Sippy, K. Bapaiah, Rajkumar Santoshi in action films and Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Basu Chatterjee and Rajkumar Kohli in comedy films. However his most successful and longest collaboration was with director Arjun Hingorani from 1960-1991. Dil Bhi Tera Hum Bhi Tere was debut film of Dharmendra as an actor and Arjun’s first directorial venture with Dharmendra as the lead hero. They together worked in 4 hits - Kab? Kyoon? Aur Kahan?, Kahani Kismat Ki, Khel Khilari Ka , Katilon Ke Kaatil where Arjun was the producer and the director but their last film together Kaun Kare Kurbanie in 1991 flopped badly. Furthur Arjun produced 2 films where he was not the director but only the producer and Dharmendra was the hero - Sultanat and Karishma Kudrat Ka – both of which flopped. His other successful association was with director Pramod Chakravarthy with whom all his 4 ventures were box-office success each belonging to different genre – drama in Naya Zamana, romance in Dream Girl, action in Azaad and Jugnu.
Dharmendra also has the distinction of appearing in several films opposite actresses who have also starred opposite his son Sunny Deol. Notable among those are Sridevi in Naaka Bandi, Jaya Prada in Elaan-E-Jung, Dimple Kapadia in Shehzaade, Amrita Singh in Sachai Ki Taaqat, Kimi Katkar in Humlaa and Poonam Dhillon in Sone Pe Suhaaga. He has worked with whole of Kapoor family except for Prithviraj and Kareena Kapoor. He worked with Raj Kapoor in Mera Naam Joker, with Rishi Kapoor in Sitamgar,Katilol Ka Katil, Hathyar, Sher Dil and with Rajiv Kapoor in Zalzala, with Karishma in Maidan-E-Jung, with Shammi Kapoor in Boyfriend, Mast Kalander, Khule-Aam, and with Shashi in Krodhi, with Randhir in Chacha Bhatija, Karan Kapoor- Sultanat and Loha and with Neetu Singh in Aaina. The famous scene of Deewar where character Vijay(Amitabh) locks the door and throws away the key to beat up many goons was first done by Dharmendra in Kahani Kismat Ki.
He has also periodically made films in his native tongue of Punjabi, starring in Kankan De Ole (Special Appearance) (1970 ), Do Sher (1974), Dukh Bhanjan Tera Naam (1974), Teri Meri Ik Jindri (1975), Putt Jattan De (1982) and Qurbani Jatt Di (1990). Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, he continued to appear in many other films in both leading and supporting roles. In 1997, he received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award. While accepting the award from Dilip Kumar and his wife Saira Banu, Dharmendra became emotional and remarked that he had never won any Filmfare award in the Best Actor category despite having worked in so many successful films and nearly a hundred popular movies. He was glad that his contributions had finally been recognized.[18] Speaking on this occasion Dilip Kumar commented, "Whenever I get to meet with God Almighty I will set before Him my only complaint - why did You not make me as handsome as Dharmendra?".
Dharmendra has appeared in 287 films which includes 159 multi star cast films and did only 86 solo hero films and 42 films not as lead hero but in guest appearance. Off these 159 multi star cast films - 102 were flops and 58 were hits. Off the 86 solo-hero films he did - 44 were flops and 42 were hits. Then from the 42 films where was in guest role only 7 were hits and rest 35 were flops.
Dharmendra has experimented with film production; he launched both of his sons in films: Sunny Deol in Betaab (1983) and Bobby Deol in Barsaat (1995) as well as his nephew Abhay Deol in Socha Na Tha (2005). He was the presenter for his films like Satyakam(1969) and Kab Kyun Aur Kahan(1970). Among the other fans he is the idol of lots of idols. In one of her interviews, actress Preity Zinta has been quoted as saying that Dharmendra is her favourite actor. She recommended him to play her father's role in Har Pal (2008). Actor Salman Khan also always recommended himself as his biggest fan and they worked together in"Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya". At the IIFA Awards, star Shatrughan Sinha commented: "Even the best actors of Bollywood could knock out in front of Dharam ji's acting as even after seeing Amitabh Ji's acting everyone says that if he (Amitabh) can be a star why can't I but no one can say they can become Dharmendra or achieve supersterdom like Rajesh Khanna."
After 4 year hiatus from acting since 2003, he is reappearing in films as a character actor from 2007. His 2007 films Life in a... Metro and Apne were both critically and commercially successful at the box office. In the latter, he appears with both his sons, Sunny and Bobby for the first time. His other release was Johnny Gaddaar, where he played a villainous role. His latest film Yamla Pagla Deewana co-starring his sons Sunny and Bobby was released on 14 January 2011.
In 2011, Dharmendra replaced Sajid Khan as the male judge of the third series of popular reality show India's Got Talent. On 29 July 2011, India's Got Talent aired on Colors with Dharmendra as the new judge and surpassed the opening ratings of the previous two seasons.
All India Jat Mahasabha Centenary Celebrations 2007, Seen in the image are Dharmendra, Dara Singh and Kamal Patel.
Dharmendra has also been active in politics. He was elected as a Member of the Parliament in the 2004 general elections, from Bikaner in Rajasthan, on a Bharatiya Janata Party ticket. During his election campaign, he made an ironic remark that he should be elected Dictator perpetuo to teach "basic etiquette that democracy requires" for which he was severely criticized. Dharmendra rarely attended Parliament when the house was in session, preferring to spend the time shooting for movies or doing farm-work at his farm house.
In 1983 Deol set up a production company known as Vijayta Films. Its first film was Betaab. The film was released in 1983, starring his son Sunny Deol as the lead actor in his debut movie. The film was a blockbuster. In 1990 he produced the action flick Ghayal, starring his son Sunny Deol. The film won seven Filmfare Awards, including the Best Movie Award. It also won National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment. Dharmendra also launched his younger son Bobby Deol's in 1995 through Barsaat and his nephew Abhay Deol in 2005 through Socha Na Tha.
Personal life
Dharmendra maintained two relationships at the same time. His first marriage was to Prakash Kaur at the age of 19 in 1954. His second marriage was with actress Hema Malini. It is believed that they fell in love on the sets of film Sholay (1975) although they had made films together before. From his first marriage, he has two sons, Sunny Deol and Bobby Deol both successful actors, and two daughters, Vijeeta and Ajeeta. From his second marriage to Hema Malini, Dharmendra has two daughters Esha Deol, who is an actress, and Ahana Deol.
Civilian award
2012 – Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour from the Government of India
National Film Awards
1991 – National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment for Ghayal (Producer)
Filmfare Awards
1991 – Filmfare Award for Best Movie for Ghayal
1997 – Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to Indian Cinema.
1965 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Ayee Milan Ki Bela
1967 – Filmfare Award for Best Actor for Phool Aur Patthar
1972 – Filmfare Award for Best Actor for Mera Gaon Mera Desh
1974 – Filmfare Award for Best Actor for Yaadon Ki Baaraat
1975 – Filmfare Award for Best Actor for Resham Ki Dori
1984 – Filmfare Best Comedian Award for Naukar Biwi Ka
Other Awards and recognitions
He had to convert to Muslim, this was to legally marry Hema malini while staying married to his First Wife.
Dharmendra receiving the Padma Bhushan from The President Of India, Pratibha Patil in 2012
In the mid-seventies, Dharmendra was voted one of the most handsome men in the world, a feat only repeated by Salman Khan (from Bollywood) in 2004.
He has received the World Iron Man award.
He has also received a Special Award for his "contribution in Indian Cinema" at the Kalakar Awards.
He is a recipient of the prestigious "Living Legend Award" by the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the Indian entertainment industry.
In 2003 he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Sansui Viewers' Choice Movie Awards.
In 2004, he was honoured for Best Contribution to Indian Cinema.
In 2005, he received the Zee Cine Award for Lifetime Achievement.
In 2007, he was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Pune International Film Festival PIFF).
In 2007, he received an IIFA Lifetime Achievement Award.
In 2007, he received an award for Humanitarian Services to the Indian Nation.[
In 2007, he was awarded a Lifetime Achievement award by DBR Entertainment.
In 2007, the Punjabi newspaper Quami Ekta honoured him for his contributions to the Indian cinema.
In 2008, he was named "Actor Par Excellence" at the Max Stardust Awards.
In 2008, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 10th Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image (MAMI) International Film Festival.
In 2009, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Nashik International Film Festival (NIFF).
In 2010, he was honoured as the Big Star Entertainer for his 50 years of excellence at the BIG Star Entertainment Awards.
In 2011, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Apsara Film & Television Producers Guild Award.
In 2011, he received a "Salaam Maharashtra Award" for completing 50 years in the film industry.
In 2011, he was honoured with and "Outstanding Performance For the Last 50 Years" award at the The Global Indian Film and TV Honours.
In 2011, he was honoured with the Dadasaheb Phalke Ratna Award at the Dada Saheb Phalke Academy Awards.
In 2011, he was honoured with "The ITA Scroll Of Honour" at the Indian Television Academy Awards.
In 2012, he was honoured with the "Icon of Punjab Award" at the PTC Punjabi Film Awards.

Sourse : Wikipedia

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